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廣東內伶仃島植物群落類型及其分布

張娟娟 喬雪婷 李文斌 佟森 李步杭 楊瓊 徐華林 陳婷 余世孝

張娟娟, 喬雪婷, 李文斌, 佟森, 李步杭, 楊瓊, 徐華林, 陳婷, 余世孝. 廣東內伶仃島植物群落類型及其分布[J]. 陸地生態系統與保護學報, 2021, 1(1): 23-55. doi: 10.12356/j.2096-8884.2021-0012
引用本文: 張娟娟, 喬雪婷, 李文斌, 佟森, 李步杭, 楊瓊, 徐華林, 陳婷, 余世孝. 廣東內伶仃島植物群落類型及其分布[J]. 陸地生態系統與保護學報, 2021, 1(1): 23-55. doi: 10.12356/j.2096-8884.2021-0012
Juanjuan ZHANG, Xueting QIAO, Wenbin LI, Sen TONG, Buhang LI, Qiong YANG, Huanlin XU, Ting CHEN, Shixiao YU. The Plant Community Types and Their Distribution on Neilingding Island in Guangdong[J]. Terrestrial Ecosystem and Conservation, 2021, 1(1): 23-55. doi: 10.12356/j.2096-8884.2021-0012
Citation: Juanjuan ZHANG, Xueting QIAO, Wenbin LI, Sen TONG, Buhang LI, Qiong YANG, Huanlin XU, Ting CHEN, Shixiao YU. The Plant Community Types and Their Distribution on Neilingding Island in Guangdong[J]. Terrestrial Ecosystem and Conservation, 2021, 1(1): 23-55. doi: 10.12356/j.2096-8884.2021-0012

廣東內伶仃島植物群落類型及其分布

doi: 10.12356/j.2096-8884.2021-0012
基金項目: 深圳市知識創新計劃基礎研究項目(基20180285);深圳市城市管理局科研資助項目(201802);廣東省自然科學基金項目(2021A1515010641)
詳細信息
    作者簡介:

    張娟娟:E-mail:zhangjj93@mail.sysu.edu.cn

    通訊作者:

    E-mail:lssysx@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • 中圖分類號: S718.54

The Plant Community Types and Their Distribution on Neilingding Island in Guangdong

  • 摘要:   目的  劃分廣東內伶仃島植物群落類型及繪制其分布圖,為內伶仃島國家二級保護動物獼猴棲息地的分析以及保護區的長期規劃和有效管理建設提供科學依據。  方法  在廣東內伶仃島—福田國家級自然保護區面積為554 hm2的內伶仃島調查1個15 hm2大樣地、113個100 m2小樣地和317個樣點,結合無人機航拍影像,對島內植物群落進行分類,繪制植物群落類型分布圖,并計測其分布面積。  結果  內伶仃島的自然與人工植被可劃分為25個群落類型,隸屬于9個植被型和17個植被亞型。自然植被占全島面積的51.81%,占植被分布面積的61.66%,主要的群落類型包括白楸(Mallotus paniculatus)群落、破布葉(Microcos paniculata)群落、刺葵(Phoenix loureiroi)群落、鵝掌柴(Schefflera heptaphylla)群落、榕樹(Ficus microcarpa)群落、馬尾松(Pinus massoniana)-鵝掌柴+銀柴(Aporosa dioica)群落。人工植被占全島面積的32.21%,占植被分布面積的38.34%,臺灣相思林為主要的人工植被類型。破布葉群落在島內分布較廣,其分布與海拔無顯著相關。  結論  作為離島,內伶仃島與大陸植被的差異主要表現在由于長期受人類活動的干擾及獼猴活動的影響,群落結構與物種組成較為簡單,抵抗外來入侵植物的影響能力較低,但自然植被仍是島上的主要植被類型。建議加強本地鄉土植物的引進種植,優化植被結構,為獼猴提供良好的棲息地環境和充足食源植物。
  • 圖  1  內伶仃島植物群落類型分布

    Figure  1.  The distribution of vegetation types in Neilingding Island

    圖  2  主要植物群落環境排序的主成分分析

    Figure  2.  PCA ordination among various environmental factors in different plant community types

    表  1  內伶仃島植物群落類型及其分布面積比例

    Table  1.   Area and percentage of plant community types in Neilingding island

    植被型組
    vegetation type group
    植被型
    vegetation type
    植被亞型
    vegetation subtypes
    群落
    Community
    面積
    Area/hm2
    比例
    Proportion/%
    自然植被
    Natural vegetation
    針葉林
    Coniferous forest
    亞熱帶針葉林
    Subtropical coniferous forest
    南亞熱帶針闊葉混交林
    South subtropical
    coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest
    (1)馬尾松-鵝掌柴+銀柴群落
    Pinus massoniana - Schefflera heptaphylla + Aporosa dioica Community
    7.3031.569
    闊葉林
    Broad-leaf forest
    常綠闊葉林
    Evergreen broad-leaved forest
    南亞熱帶常綠闊葉林
    South subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest
    (2)破布葉群落
    Microcos paniculata Community
    117.02525.139
    (3)白楸群落
    Mallotus paniculatus Community
    63.08313.551
    (4)刺葵群落
    Phoenix loureiroi Community
    21.8874.702
    (5)鵝掌柴群落
    Schefflera heptaphylla Community
    15.5703.345
    (6)榕樹群落
    Ficus microcarpa Community
    1.0810.232
    紅樹林
    Mangrove forest
    南亞熱帶紅樹林
    South subtropical mangrove forest
    (7)蠟燭果群落
    Aegiceras corniculatum Community
    0.0540.012
    竹林
    Bamboo forest
    暖性竹林
    Warm bamboo forest
    南亞熱帶竹林
    South subtropical bamboo forest
    (8)青皮竹群落
    Bambusa textilis Community
    2.0100.432
    灌叢和灌草叢
    Shrub and shrub-grassland
    灌叢
    Shrub
    南亞熱帶常綠灌叢
    South subtropical evergreen shrub
    (9)白楸+馬纓丹群落
    Mallotus paniculatus + Lantana camara Community
    17.8753.840
    (10)小果葉下珠+鉤藤+
    蔓生莠竹群落
    Phyllanthus reticulatus + Uncaria rhynchophylla + Microstegium fasciculatum Community
    5.3111.141
    灌草叢
    Shrub-grassland
    南亞熱帶灌草叢
    South subtropical shrub-grassland
    (11)五節芒+微甘菊群落
    Miscanthus floridulus + Mikania micrantha Community
    2.4970.536
    (12)蔓生莠竹+微甘菊群落
    Microstegium fasciculatum + Mikania micrantha Community
    32.2096.919
    濱海砂生灌草叢
    Coastal sandy shrub-grassland
    (13)單葉蔓荊+厚藤群落
    Vitex rotundifolia + Ipomoea
    pes-caprae Community
    1.1330.243
    人工植被
    Artificial vegetation
    林用植被
    Forestry vegetation
    防護林和景觀林
    Protection forest and landscape forest
    臺灣相思林
    Acacia confusa forest
    (14)臺灣相思-破布葉群落
    Acacia confusa - Microcos paniculata Community
    58.93312.660
    人工植被
    Artificial vegetation
    林用植被
    Forestry vegetation
    防護林和景觀林
    Protection forest and landscape forest
    臺灣相思林
    Acacia confusa forest
    (15)臺灣相思-白楸群落
    Acacia confusa - Mallotus paniculatus Community
    57.28012.305
    (16)臺灣相思-銀柴+假蘋婆群落
    Acacia confusa - Aporosa dioica + Sterculia lanceolata Community
    22.5294.840
    血桐林
    Macaranga tanarius forest
    (17)血桐群落
    Macaranga tanarius Community
    27.7625.964
    木麻黃林
    Casuarina equisetifolia forest
    (18)木麻黃群落
    Casuarina equisetifolia Community
    1.0360.223
    幌傘楓林
    Heteropanax fragrans forest
    (19)幌傘楓群落
    Heteropanax fragrans Community
    0.0770.017
    椰子林
    Cocos nucifera forest
    (20)椰子群落
    Cocos nucifera Community
    0.0730.016
    海濱木槿林
    Hibiscus hamabo forest
    (21)海濱木槿群落
    Hibiscus hamabo Community
    1.1640.250
    農用植被
    Agricultural vegetation
    果樹林
    Fruit tree forest
    荔枝林
    Litchi chinensis forest
    (22)荔枝群落
    Litchi chinensis Community
    8.3651.797
    龍眼林
    Dimocarpus longan forest
    (23)龍眼群落
    Dimocarpus longan Community
    0.6790.146
    陽桃林
    Averrhoa carambola forest
    (24)陽桃群落
    Averrhoa carambola Community
    0.4610.099
    蔬菜作物
    Vegetable crop
    蔬菜
    Vegetable
    (25)蔬菜
    Vegetable
    0.1080.023
    合計
    Summation
    465.51100.00
    下載: 導出CSV

    S1  馬尾松-鵝掌柴+銀柴群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S1.   The community characteristics analysis of Pinus massoniana - Schefflera heptaphylla + Aporosa dioica(tree layer)

    種群 Population株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    馬尾松 Pinus massonian94868.541.0031.0353.9023.0836.00
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla83011.021.0027.5933.3323.0828.00
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica8875.941.0027.599.7023.0820.12
    土蜜樹 Bridelia tomentosa178.540.333.450.877.694.00
    野漆 Toxicodendron succedaneum 178.540.333.450.877.694.00
    豺皮樟 Litsea rotundifolia var. oblongifolia163.620.333.450.707.693.95
    箣柊 Scolopia chinensis 156.750.333.450.637.693.92
      注:樣地面積300 m2,其它種類重要值小于3.90。
      Note: the plot area is 300 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 3.90.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S2  馬尾松-鵝掌柴+銀柴群落分析(灌草層)

    S2.   The community characteristics analysis of Pinus massoniana - Schefflera heptaphylla + Aporosa dioica (shrub and grass layer)

    種群
    Population
    蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    九節 Psychotria asiatica30.33 1.0059.48 17.65 38.56
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica10.67 1.0020.92 17.65 19.28
    豺皮樟 Litsea rotundifolia var. oblongifolia1.330.672.6111.76 7.19
    假鷹爪 Desmos chinensis3.330.336.545.886.21
    青江藤 Celastrus hindsii1.330.332.615.884.25
    秤星樹 Ilex asprella1.000.331.965.883.92
    狗骨柴 Diplospora dubia0.670.331.315.883.59
    山麥冬 Liriope spicata0.670.331.315.883.59
    梔子 Gardenia jasminoides0.670.331.315.883.59
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa0.330.330.655.883.27
    牛耳楓 Daphniphyllum calycinum0.330.330.655.883.27
    扇葉鐵線蕨 Adiantum flabellulatum0.330.330.655.883.27
      注:樣地面積48 m2,其它種類重要值少于3.20。
      Note: the plot area is 48 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 3.20.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S3  破布葉群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S3.   The community characteristics analysis of Microcos paniculata (tree layer)

    種群 Population株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata4636357197.120.9924.78 18.97 6.8516.87
    翻白葉樹 Pterospermum heterophyllum1614246292.570.578.6313.08 3.948.55
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan1789178665.250.899.569.496.178.41
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus1777185179.370.849.509.845.868.40
    血桐 Macaranga tanarius778146050.840.784.167.765.435.78
    毛八角楓 Alangium kurzii70459572.360.643.763.164.433.79
    九節 Psychotria rubra12026477.640.586.420.344.063.61
    假蘋婆 Sterculia lanceolata78859320.120.394.213.152.703.36
    木蝴蝶 Oroxylum indicum28696718.030.301.535.142.092.92
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica59815475.610.673.200.824.622.88
    山牡荊 Vitex quinata29764992.790.481.593.453.342.79
    亮葉猴耳環Archidendron lucidum50018140.750.452.670.963.112.25
    復羽葉欒樹 Koelreuteria bipinnata26749413.440.301.432.622.062.04
    球花腳骨脆 Casearia glomerata30813037.030.491.650.693.441.93
    刺葵 Phoenix loureiroi13964706.430.150.743.441.071.75
    白桂木 Artocarpus hypargyreus25717856.780.381.370.952.661.66
    假柿木姜子 Litsea monopetala14338442.350.280.762.041.921.58
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa21510934.120.431.150.582.991.57
    對葉榕 Ficus hispida2388306.500.391.270.442.731.48
    秋楓 Bischofia javanica10229901.080.190.551.591.351.16
    白桐樹 Claoxylon indicum20710457.550.261.110.561.781.15
      注:樣地面積1300 m2,其它種類重要值小于1.10。
      Note: the plot area is 1300 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 1.10.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S4  破布葉群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S4.   The community characteristics analysis of Microcos paniculata (shrub and grass layer)

    種群
    Population
    蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    九節 Psychotria asiatica7.900.8029.70 14.81 22.26
    烏毛蕨 Blechnum orientale6.000.2022.56 3.7013.13
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica3.600.6013.53 11.11 12.32
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata3.000.2011.28 3.707.49
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan0.600.402.267.414.83
    香港大沙葉 Pavetta hongkongensis0.600.402.267.414.83
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla1.200.204.513.704.11
    山麥冬 Liriope spicata0.700.202.633.703.17
    白藤 Calamus tetradactylus0.400.201.503.702.60
    海金沙 Lygodium japonicum0.400.201.503.702.60
    山椒子 Uvaria grandiflora0.400.201.503.702.60
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus0.200.200.753.702.23
    半邊旗 Pteris semipinnata0.200.200.753.702.23
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa0.200.200.753.702.23
    翻白葉樹 Pterospermum heterophyllum0.200.200.753.702.23
    飛龍掌血 Toddalia asiatica0.200.200.753.702.23
    亮葉猴耳環 Archidendron lucidum0.200.200.753.702.23
    Miscanthus sinensis0.200.200.753.702.23
    青江藤 Celastrus hindsii0.200.200.753.702.23
    羊角拗 Strophanthus divaricatus0.200.200.753.702.23
      注:樣地面積208 m2,其它種類重要值小于2.20。
      Note: the plot area is 208 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 2.20.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S5  白楸群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S5.   The community characteristics analysis of Mallotus paniculatus(tree layer)

    種群 Population株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus20 5271.121.0040.0042.7830.0037.59
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata16 2168.510.6732.0017.6020.0023.20
    山蒲桃 Syzygium levinei5637.480.3310.005.1710.008.39
    木蝴蝶 Oroxylum indicum11322.190.172.0010.735.005.91
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica3155.900.336.001.2710.005.76
    假蘋婆 Sterculia lanceolata11206.870.172.009.795.005.60
    常綠臭椿 Ailanthus fordii1642.420.172.005.215.004.07
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla1551.550.172.004.485.003.83
    山烏桕 Triadica cochinchinensis1346.360.172.002.815.003.27
    九節 Psychotria rubra119.630.172.000.165.002.39
      注:樣地面積600 m2,其它種類重要值小于2.30。
      Note: the plot area is 600 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 2.30.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S6  白楸群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S6.   The community characteristics analysis of Mallotus paniculatus(shrub and grass layer)

    種群
    Population
    蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    芒萁 Dicranopteris pedata15.83 0.1731.25 2.1716.71
    九節 Psychotria asiatica5.500.8310.86 10.87 10.86
    山椒子 Uvaria grandiflora4.000.507.896.527.21
    青江藤 Celastrus hindsii2.000.503.956.525.23
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus2.500.334.934.354.64
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata2.170.334.284.354.31
    羅傘樹 Ardisia quinquegona2.000.333.954.354.15
    白藤 Calamus tetradactylus2.500.174.932.173.55
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan1.000.331.974.353.16
    翻白葉樹 Pterospermum heterophyllum0.830.331.644.353.00
    半邊旗 Pteris semipinnata0.670.331.324.352.83
    鯽魚膽 Maesa perlarius1.670.173.292.172.73
    海芋 Alocasia odora1.330.172.632.172.40
    亮葉猴耳環 Archidendron lucidum1.170.172.302.172.24
    刺頭復葉耳蕨 Arachniodes aristata0.830.171.642.171.91
    短序潤楠 Machilus breviflora0.830.171.642.171.91
    小葉買麻藤 Gnetum parvifolium0.830.171.642.171.91
    羊角拗 Strophanthus divaricatus0.830.171.642.171.91
    假鷹爪 Desmos chinensis0.670.171.322.171.74
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica0.670.171.322.171.74
    菝葜 Smilax china0.330.170.662.171.42
    酒餅簕 Atalantia buxifolia0.330.170.662.171.42
    輪葉木姜子 Litsea verticillata0.330.170.662.171.42
    蔓生莠竹 Microstegium fasciculatum0.330.170.662.171.42
    箬竹 Indocalamus tessellatus0.330.170.662.171.42
    飛龍掌血 Toddalia asiatica0.170.170.332.171.25
    弓果黍 Cyrtococcum patens0.170.170.332.171.25
    海金沙 Lygodium japonicum0.170.170.332.171.25
    雞矢藤 Paederia foetida0.170.170.332.171.25
    天料木 Homalium cochinchinense0.170.170.332.171.25
    香花崖豆藤 Millettia dielsiana0.170.170.332.171.25
    玉葉金花 Mussaenda pubescens0.170.170.332.171.25
      注:樣地面積96 m2,其它種類重要值少于1.20。
      Note: the plot area is 96 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 1.20.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S7  刺葵群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S7.   The community characteristics analysis of Phoenix loureiroi(tree layer)

    種群 Population株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    刺葵 Phoenix loureiroi76267.651.0020.5955.0430.7735.46
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata162223.420.5047.0619.5215.3827.32
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus41075.060.5011.769.4415.3812.20
    假柿木姜子 Litsea monopetala2109.340.505.880.9615.387.41
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica2938.080.255.888.247.697.27
    翻白葉樹 Pterospermum heterophyllum2747.300.255.886.567.696.71
    球花腳骨脆 Casearia glomerata127.340.252.940.247.69
      注:樣地面積400 m2,其它種類重要值小于3.60。
      Note: the plot area is 400 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 3.60.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S8  刺葵群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S8.   The community characteristics analysis of Phoenix loureiroi(shrub and grass layer)

    種群
    Population
    蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    蔓生莠竹 Microstegium fasciculatum32.50 0.5048.69 10.53 29.61
    翻白葉樹 Pterospermum heterophyllum10.00 0.2514.98 5.2610.12
    馬纓丹 Lantana camara8.750.2513.11 5.269.19
    山椒子 Uvaria grandiflora1.500.502.2510.53 6.39
    紅葉藤 Rourea minor5.000.257.495.266.38
    雀梅藤 Sageretia thea2.500.253.755.264.50
    海芋 Alocasia odora1.250.251.875.263.57
    五節芒 Miscanthus floridulus1.250.251.875.263.57
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa1.000.251.505.263.38
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla0.500.250.755.263.01
    酒餅簕 Atalantia buxifolia0.500.250.755.263.01
    球花腳骨脆 Casearia glomerata0.500.250.755.263.01
    微甘菊 Mikania micrantha0.500.250.755.263.01
    九節 Psychotria asiatica0.250.250.375.262.82
    山麥冬 Liriope spicata0.250.250.375.262.82
    羊角拗 Strophanthus divaricatus0.250.250.375.262.82
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica0.250.250.375.262.82
      注:樣地面積64 m2,其它種類重要值少于2.80。
      Note: the plot area is 64 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 2.80.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S9  鵝掌柴群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S9.   The community characteristics analysis of Schefflera heptaphylla(tree layer)

    種群 Population株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla114429.391.0040.7455.9633.3343.35
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata81869.170.7529.6323.6225.0026.08
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica5491.270.5018.526.2116.6713.80
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus1463.770.253.705.868.335.97
    刺葵 Phoenix loureiroi1459.960.253.705.818.335.95
    復羽葉欒樹 Koelreuteria bipinnata1201.060.253.702.548.334.86
      注:樣地面積400 m2,其它種類重要值小于4.80。
      Note: the plot area is 400 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 4.80.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S10  鵝掌柴群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S10.   The community characteristics analysis of Schefflera heptaphylla(shrub and grass layer)

    種群 Population蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    九節 Psychotria asiatica16.75 0.7527.92 10.34 19.13
    箬竹 Indocalamus tessellatus15.00 0.2525.00 3.4514.22
    杯莧 Cyathula prostrata5.000.258.333.455.89
    九里香 Murraya exotica3.750.256.253.454.85
    蔓生莠竹 Microstegium fasciculatum3.750.256.253.454.85
    扇葉鐵線蕨 Adiantum flabellulatum0.750.501.256.904.07
    梔子 Gardenia jasminoides0.750.501.256.904.07
    狗骨柴 Diplospora dubia2.500.254.173.453.81
    羅浮買麻藤 Gnetum luofuense2.000.253.333.453.39
    秤星樹 Ilex asprella1.750.252.923.453.18
    豺皮樟 Litsea rotundifolia var. oblongifolia1.250.252.083.452.77
    假蘋婆 Sterculia lanceolata1.250.252.083.452.77
    Miscanthus sinensis1.000.251.673.452.56
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan0.500.250.833.452.14
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata0.500.250.833.452.14
    球花腳骨脆 Casearia glomerata0.500.250.833.452.14
    山椒子 Uvaria grandiflora0.500.250.833.452.14
    山麥冬 Liriope spicata0.500.250.833.452.14
    小葉買麻藤 Gnetum parvifolium0.500.250.833.452.14
    半邊旗 Pteris semipinnata0.250.250.423.451.93
    海金沙 Lygodium japonicum0.250.250.423.451.93
    假鷹爪 Desmos chinensis0.250.250.423.451.93
    酒餅簕 Atalantia buxifolia0.250.250.423.451.93
    青江藤 Celastrus hindsii0.250.250.423.451.93
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica0.250.250.423.451.93
      注:樣地面積64 m2,其它種類重要值少于1.90。
      Note: the plot area is 64 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 1.90.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S11  榕樹群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S11.   The community characteristics analysis of Ficus microcarpa(tree layer)

    種群 Population株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    榕樹 Ficus microcarpa1360041.761.0038.24 80.90 42.11 53.75
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan32411.130.138.823.255.265.78
    蒲葵 Livistona chinensis32045.290.138.822.765.265.61
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata3179.600.138.820.245.264.78
    臺灣相思 Acacia confusa22326.550.135.883.135.264.76
    木麻黃 Casuarina equisetifolia13793.670.132.945.115.264.44
    刺葵 Phoenix loureiroi21511.110.135.882.045.264.39
    黃牛木 Cratoxylum cochinchinense2321.420.135.880.435.263.86
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus2260.160.135.880.355.263.83
    Cinnamomum camphora1683.490.132.940.925.263.04
    血桐 Macaranga tanarius1602.630.132.940.815.263.01
    假柿木姜子 Litsea monopetala138.480.132.940.055.262.75
      注:樣地面積800 m2,其它種類重要值小于2.70。
      Note: the plot area is 800 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 2.70.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S12  榕樹群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S12.   The community characteristics analysis of Ficus microcarpa(shrub and grass layer)

    種群 Population蓋度 Coverage頻度 Frequency相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    海芋 Alocasia odora18.60 1.0028.70 14.71 21.70
    蔓生莠竹 Microstegium fasciculatum15.20 0.4023.46 5.8814.67
    細葉結縷草 Zoysia pacifica16.00 0.2024.69 2.9413.82
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan1.400.602.168.825.49
    九節 Psychotria asiatica2.000.203.092.943.01
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa1.400.202.162.942.55
    五節芒 Miscanthus floridulus1.400.202.162.942.55
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla1.000.201.542.942.24
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica0.800.201.232.942.09
    雞爪簕 Oxyceros sinensis0.600.200.932.941.93
    九里香 Murraya exotica0.600.200.932.941.93
    山椒子 Uvaria grandiflora0.600.200.932.941.93
    小果葉下珠 Phyllanthus reticulatus0.600.200.932.941.93
    越南葉下珠 Phyllanthus cochinchinensis0.600.200.932.941.93
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus0.400.200.622.941.78
    假蒟 Piper sarmentosum0.400.200.622.941.78
    假柿木姜子 Litsea monopetala0.400.200.622.941.78
    假鷹爪 Desmos chinensis0.400.200.622.941.78
    土蜜樹 Bridelia tomentosa0.400.200.622.941.78
    香港大沙葉 Pavetta hongkongensis0.400.200.622.941.78
    香葉樹 Lindera communis0.400.200.622.941.78
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata0.200.200.312.941.62
    青江藤 Celastrus hindsii0.200.200.312.941.62
    雀梅藤 Sageretia thea0.200.200.312.941.62
    血桐 Macaranga tanarius0.200.200.312.941.62
    艷山姜 Alpinia zerumbet0.200.200.312.941.62
    Cinnamomum camphora0.200.200.312.941.62
      注:樣地面積80 m2,其它種類重要值少于1.60。
      Note: the plot area is 80 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 1.60.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S13  白楸+馬纓丹群落特征分析

    S13.   The community characteristics analysis of Mallotus paniculatus + Lantana camara

    種群 Population蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus29.75 1.0028.95 13.33 21.14
    蔓生莠竹 Microstegium fasciculatum30.00 0.5029.20 6.6717.93
    馬纓丹 Lantana camara13.75 0.5013.38 6.6710.02
    微甘菊 Mikania micrantha6.750.506.576.676.62
    野漆??Toxicodendron succedaneum6.250.506.086.676.37
    山黃麻 Trema tomentosa6.250.256.083.334.71
    箬竹 Indocalamus tessellatus1.250.501.226.673.94
    飛龍掌血 Toddalia asiatica0.750.500.736.673.70
    海金沙 Lygodium japonicum1.250.251.223.332.27
    飛機草 Chromolaena odorata1.000.250.973.332.15
    海芋 Alocasia odora1.000.250.973.332.15
    龍須藤 Bauhinia championii1.000.250.973.332.15
    裸花紫珠 Callicarpa nudiflora0.750.250.733.332.03
    簕欓花椒 Zanthoxylum avicennae0.500.250.493.331.91
    對葉榕 Ficus hispida0.500.250.493.331.91
    鉤藤 Uncaria rhynchophylla0.500.250.493.331.91
    兩面針 Zanthoxylum nitidum0.500.250.493.331.91
    鴉膽子 Brucea javanica0.250.250.243.331.79
    菝葜 Smilax china0.250.250.243.331.79
    半邊旗 Pteris semipinnata0.250.250.243.331.79
    華南鱗毛蕨 Dryopteris tenuicula0.250.250.243.331.79
    茅瓜 Solena heterophylla29.75 1.0028.95 13.33 21.14
      注:樣地面積64 m2,其它種類重要值小于1.70。
      Note: the plot area is 64 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 1.70.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S14  小果葉下珠+鉤藤+蔓生莠竹群落特征分析

    S14.   The community characteristics analysis of Phyllanthus reticulatus + Uncaria rhynchophylla + Microstegium fasciculatum

    種群 Population蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    鉤藤 Uncaria rhynchophylla45.00 0.6745.45 9.0927.27
    蔓生莠竹 Microstegium fasciculatum28.33 1.0028.62 13.64 21.13
    馬纓丹 Lantana camara6.671.006.7313.64 10.19
    小果葉下珠 Phyllanthus reticulatus5.671.005.7213.64 9.68
    兩面針 Zanthoxylum nitidum2.670.672.699.095.89
    飛龍掌血 Toddalia asiatica2.330.672.369.095.72
    微甘菊 Mikania micrantha3.330.333.374.553.96
    類蘆 Neyraudia reynaudiana1.670.331.684.553.11
    飛機草 Chromolaena odorata1.330.331.354.552.95
    亮葉猴耳環 Archidendron lucidum0.670.330.674.552.61
    山蒲桃 Syzygium levinei0.670.330.674.552.61
    龍須藤 Bauhinia championii 0.330.330.344.552.44
    錫葉藤 Tetracera sarmentosa0.330.330.344.552.44
      注:樣地面積48 m2,其它種類重要值小于2.40。
      Note: the plot area is 48 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 2.40.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S15  五節芒+微甘菊群落特征分析

    S15.   The community characteristics analysis of Miscanthus floridulus + Mikania micrantha

    種群
    Population
    蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    五節芒 Miscanthus floridulus 50.00 0.5035.59 5.8820.73
    Miscanthus sinensis40.00 0.5028.47 5.8817.18
    微甘菊 Mikania micrantha 16.00 1.0011.39 11.76 11.58
    弓果黍 Cyrtococcum patens20.00 0.5014.23 5.8810.06
    馬纓丹 Lantana camara3.501.002.4911.76 7.13
    鬼針草 Bidens pilosa5.000.503.565.884.72
    地桃花 Urena lobata1.000.500.715.883.30
    飛龍掌血 Toddalia asiatica1.000.500.715.883.30
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata 1.000.500.715.883.30
    Pueraria montana0.500.500.365.883.12
    四棱草 Schnabelia oligophylla0.500.500.365.883.12
    假蘋婆 Sterculia lanceolata0.500.500.365.883.12
    酒餅簕 Atalantia buxifolia0.500.500.365.883.12
    樸樹 Celtis sinensis0.500.500.365.883.12
    三裂葉野葛 Pueraria phaseoloides0.500.500.365.883.12
      注:樣地面積32 m2,其它種類重要值少于3.10。
      Note: the plot area is 32 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 3.10.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S16  蔓生莠竹+微甘菊群落特征分析

    S16.   The community characteristics analysis of Microstegium fasciculatum + Mikania micrantha

    種群
    Population
    蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    蔓生莠竹 Microstegium fasciculatum70.00 1.0060.05 19.44 39.75
    微甘菊 Mikania micrantha24.29 1.0020.83 19.44 20.14
    刺果藤 Byttneria grandifolia10.00 0.148.582.785.68
    美麗雞血藤 Callerya speciosa1.290.431.108.334.72
    山牽牛 Thunbergia grandiflora3.000.292.575.564.06
    小果葉下珠 Phyllanthus reticulatus0.710.290.615.563.08
    藿香薊 Ageratum conyzoides0.430.290.375.562.96
    Pueraria montana2.860.142.452.782.61
    苧麻 Boehmeria nivea1.430.141.232.782.00
    白花地膽草 Elephantopus tomentosus0.570.140.492.781.63
    白藤 Calamus tetradactylus0.430.140.372.781.57
    菝葜 Smilax china0.290.140.252.781.51
    弓果黍 Cyrtococcum patens0.290.140.252.781.51
    九節 Psychotria asiatica0.290.140.252.781.51
    白葉藤 Cryptolepis sinensis0.140.140.122.781.45
    籬欄網 Merremia hederacea0.140.140.122.781.45
    荔枝 Litchi chinensis0.140.140.122.781.45
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan0.140.140.122.781.45
    頭花銀背藤 Argyreia capitiformis0.140.140.122.781.45
      注:樣地面積112 m2,其它種類重要值少于1.40。
      Note: the plot area is 112 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 1.40.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S17  單葉蔓荊+厚藤群落特征分析

    S17.   The community characteristics analysis of Vitex rotundifolia + Ipomoea pes-caprae

    種群
    Population
    蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    單葉蔓荊 Vitex rotundifolia 33.75 0.7547.37 16.67 32.02
    厚藤 Ipomoea pes-caprae 5.750.508.0711.11 9.59
    海濱木槿 Hibiscus hamabo7.500.2510.53 5.568.04
    鋪地黍 Panicum repens3.500.504.9111.11 8.01
    Pueraria montana5.000.257.025.566.29
    微甘菊 Mikania micrantha5.000.257.025.566.29
    馬纓丹 Lantana camara3.750.255.265.565.41
    竹葉草 Oplismenus compositus2.500.253.515.564.53
    鬼針草 Bidens pilosa1.250.251.755.563.65
    類蘆 Neyraudia reynaudiana1.000.251.405.563.48
    南方菟絲子 Cuscuta australis1.000.251.405.563.48
    南美蟛蜞菊 Sphagneticola trilobata0.500.250.705.563.13
    五爪金龍 Ipomoea cairica0.500.250.705.563.13
    細圓藤 Pericampylus glaucus0.250.250.355.562.95
      注:樣地面積64 m2,其它種類重要值少于2.90。
      Note: the plot area is 64 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 2.90.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S18  臺灣相思-破布葉群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S18.   The community characteristics analysis of Acacia confusa - Microcos paniculata (tree layer)

    種群 Population株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    臺灣相思 Acacia confusa221438292.160.802.3250.855.2419.47
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata2653176870.181.0027.8020.526.5118.28
    九節 Psychotria rubra234912901.180.7724.611.505.0410.38
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica92316729.570.859.671.945.515.71
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan62841934.090.856.584.865.515.65
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus51822697.660.745.432.634.844.30
    假蘋婆 Sterculia lanceolata1896636.190.541.980.773.492.08
    血桐 Macaranga tanarius8921331.170.430.932.472.822.08
    假桂烏口樹 Tarenna attenuata 2442148.60.522.560.253.362.05
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa1232539.640.641.290.294.161.92
    假鷹爪 Desmos chinensis149582.910.581.560.073.761.80
    香港瓜馥木 Fissistigma uonicum132917.050.581.380.113.761.75
    毛八角楓 Alangium kurzii1588249.340.311.660.962.011.54
    山牡荊 Vitex quinata686536.790.330.710.762.151.21
    球花腳骨脆 Casearia glomerata651749.390.390.680.202.551.15
      注:樣地面積35200 m2,其它種類重要值小于1.10。
      Note: the plot area is 35200 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 1.10.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S19  臺灣相思-破布葉群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S19.   The community characteristics analysis of Acacia confusa -Microcos paniculata (shrub and grass layer)

    種群
    Population
    蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    九節 Psychotria asiatica14.67 0.6734.31 12.70 23.5 0
    山麥冬 Liriope spicata6.080.4214.23 7.9411.08
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica2.830.506.639.528.08
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata2.750.506.439.527.98
    羊角拗 Strophanthus divaricatus3.500.088.191.594.89
    青江藤 Celastrus hindsii0.750.331.756.354.05
    海芋 Alocasia odora1.920.174.483.173.83
    狗骨柴 Diplospora dubia1.670.173.903.173.54
    山椒子 Uvaria grandiflora0.750.251.754.763.26
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan0.500.251.174.762.97
    芒萁 Dicranopteris pedata0.920.172.143.172.66
    假鷹爪 Desmos chinensis1.420.083.311.592.45
    半邊旗 Pteris semipinnata0.330.170.783.171.98
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa0.250.170.583.171.88
    蔓生莠竹 Microstegium fasciculatum0.250.170.583.171.88
    酸葉膠藤 Urceola rosea0.250.170.583.171.88
    豺皮樟 Litsea rotundifolia var. oblongifolia0.920.082.141.591.87
    毛果算盤子 Glochidion eriocarpum0.920.082.141.591.87
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla0.420.080.971.591.28
    山蒟 Piper hancei0.420.080.971.591.28
    香港大沙葉 Pavetta hongkongensis0.420.080.971.591.28
    秤星樹 Ilex asprella0.250.080.581.591.09
    九里香 Murraya exotica0.170.080.391.590.99
    酒餅簕 Atalantia buxifolia0.080.080.191.590.89
    簕欓花椒 Zanthoxylum avicennae0.080.080.191.590.89
    球花腳骨脆 Casearia glomerata0.080.080.191.590.89
    臺灣相思 Acacia confusa0.080.080.191.590.89
    細圓藤 Pericampylus glaucus0.080.080.191.590.89
      注:樣地面積192 m2,其它種類重要值少于0.80。
      Note: the plot area is 192 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 0.80.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S20  臺灣相思-白楸群落分析(喬木層)

    S20.   The community characteristics analysis of Acacia confusa - Mallotus paniculatus(tree layer)

    種群 Population株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    臺灣相思 Acacia confusa1631588.591.0022.2276.4625.0041.23
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus193580.741.0026.398.6725.0020.02
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica10722.750.3313.891.758.337.99
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata8949.500.3311.112.308.337.25
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla6710.200.228.331.725.565.20
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan21579.220.222.783.825.564.05
    假柿木姜子 Litsea monopetala31552.540.114.173.762.783.57
    楤木 Aralia elata225.130.112.780.062.781.87
    八角楓 Alangium chinense1158.370.111.390.382.781.52
    血桐 Macaranga tanarius1132.730.111.390.322.781.50
    Citrus maxima1113.10 0.111.390.272.781.48
    筆管榕 Ficus subpisocarpa175.430.111.390.182.781.45
    算盤子 Glochidion puberum170.880.111.390.172.781.45
    山蒲桃 Syzygium levinei152.810.111.390.132.781.43
      注:樣地面積900 m2,其它種類重要值小于1.40。
      Note: the plot area is 900 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 1.40.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S21  臺灣相思-白楸群落分析(灌草層)

    S21.   The community characteristics analysis of Acacia confusa - Mallotus paniculatus(shrub and grass layer)

    種群
    Population
    蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    九節 Psychotria asiatica13.33 0.5632.56 9.8021.18
    海芋 Alocasia odora5.330.3313.03 5.889.45
    假蒟 Piper sarmentosum5.560.2213.57 3.928.75
    蔓生莠竹 Microstegium fasciculatum4.720.3311.53 5.888.71
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata1.440.333.535.884.71
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica0.890.332.175.884.03
    假鷹爪 Desmos chinensis0.780.221.903.922.91
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla0.560.221.363.922.64
    青江藤 Celastrus hindsii0.440.221.093.922.50
    鯽魚膽 Maesa perlarius0.330.220.813.922.37
    廣州山柑 Capparis cantoniensis1.110.112.711.962.34
    微甘菊 Mikania micrantha1.110.112.711.962.34
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan0.220.220.543.922.23
    血桐 Macaranga tanarius0.780.111.901.961.93
    蔓胡頹子 Elaeagnus glabra0.560.111.361.961.66
    山麥冬 Liriope spicata0.560.111.361.961.66
    大葉紫珠 Callicarpa macrophylla0.330.110.811.961.39
    梔子 Gardenia jasminoides0.330.110.811.961.39
    八角楓 Alangium chinense0.220.110.541.961.25
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus0.220.110.541.961.25
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa0.220.110.541.961.25
    地桃花 Urena lobata0.220.110.541.961.25
    假蘋婆 Sterculia lanceolata0.220.110.541.961.25
    五月茶 Antidesma bunius0.220.110.541.961.25
    小葉買麻藤 Gnetum parvifolium0.220.110.541.961.25
    酢漿草 Oxalis corniculata0.220.110.541.961.25
    半邊旗 Pteris semipinnata0.110.110.271.961.12
    豺皮樟 Litsea rotundifolia var. oblongifolia0.110.110.271.961.12
    常綠臭椿 Ailanthus fordii0.110.110.271.961.12
    飛機草 Chromolaena odorata0.110.110.271.961.12
    海金沙 Lygodium japonicum0.110.110.271.961.12
    酸葉膠藤 Urceola rosea0.110.110.271.961.12
    棕竹 Rhapis excelsa0.110.110.271.961.12
      注:樣地面積144 m2,其它種類重要值少于1.10。
      Note: the plot area is 144 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 1.10.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S22  臺灣相思-銀柴+假蘋婆群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S22.   The community characteristics analysis of Acacia confusa - Aporusa dioica + Sterculia lanceolata (tree layer)

    種群 Population株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    臺灣相思 Acacia confusa3542392.821.0028.9373.7520.3741.01
    銀柴 Aporusa dioica365345.530.8229.759.3016.6718.57
    假蘋婆 Sterculia lanceolata102980.310.368.265.187.416.95
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla7800.550.555.791.3911.116.10
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus71783.250.365.793.107.415.43
    簕欓花椒 Zanthoxylum avicennae5304.400.364.130.537.414.02
    九節 Psychotria rubra6179.370.184.960.313.702.99
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan2396.230.181.650.693.702.02
    荔枝 Litchi chinensis2198.310.181.650.343.701.90
    筆管榕 Ficus subpisocarpa11452.200.090.832.531.851.73
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata2231.610.091.650.401.851.30
    紅鱗蒲桃 Syzygium hancei1660.520.090.831.151.851.28
    樸樹 Celtis sinensis1248.850.090.830.431.851.04
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa1165.130.090.830.291.850.99
    柑橘 Citrus reticulata1103.870.090.830.181.850.95
    黃牛木 Cratoxylum cochinchinense195.030.090.830.171.850.95
    鐵冬青 Ilex rotunda195.030.090.830.171.850.95
    羊角拗 Strophanthus divaricatus135.260.090.830.061.850.91
    珊瑚樹 Viburnum odoratissimum114.520.090.830.031.850.90
      注:樣地面積1100 m2,其它種類重要值小于0.90。
      Note: the plot area is 1100 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 0.90.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S23  臺灣相思-銀柴+假蘋婆群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S23.   The community characteristics analysis of Acacia confusa - Aporusa dioica + Sterculia lanceolata (shrub and grass layer)

    種群
    Population
    蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    九節 Psychotria asiatica24.00 0.9143.14 12.20 27.67
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica14.55 0.9126.14 12.20 19.17
    假鷹爪 Desmos chinensis5.000.558.997.328.15
    青江藤 Celastrus hindsii0.820.451.476.103.78
    山麥冬 Liriope spicata0.820.451.476.103.78
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan0.730.451.316.103.70
    豺皮樟 Litsea rotundifolia var. oblongifolia1.360.362.454.883.66
    海金沙 Lygodium japonicum0.730.361.314.883.09
    山椒子 Uvaria grandiflora0.550.360.984.882.93
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla0.820.271.473.662.56
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata0.360.270.653.662.16
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa1.000.181.802.442.12
    海芋 Alocasia odora0.730.181.312.441.87
    梔子 Gardenia jasminoides0.270.180.492.441.46
    毛果算盤子 Glochidion eriocarpum0.910.091.631.221.43
    秤星樹 Ilex asprella0.450.090.821.221.02
    狗骨柴 Diplospora dubia0.450.090.821.221.02
    紅鱗蒲桃 Syzygium hancei0.450.090.821.221.02
    紫玉盤 Uvaria macrophylla0.270.090.491.220.85
    華南毛蕨 Cyclosorus parasiticus0.180.090.331.220.77
    羅浮買麻藤 Gnetum luofuense0.180.090.331.220.77
    艷山姜 Alpinia zerumbet0.180.090.331.220.77
    白花酸藤果 Embelia ribes0.090.090.161.220.69
    淡竹葉 Lophatherum gracile0.090.090.161.220.69
    酒餅簕 Atalantia buxifolia0.090.090.161.220.69
    簕欓花椒 Zanthoxylum avicennae0.090.090.161.220.69
    芒萁 Dicranopteris pedata0.090.090.161.220.69
    扇葉鐵線蕨 Adiantum flabellulatum0.090.090.161.220.69
    鴉膽子 Brucea javanica0.090.090.161.220.69
    羊角拗 Strophanthus divaricatus0.090.090.161.220.69
    朱砂根 Ardisia crenata0.090.090.161.220.69
      注:樣地面積176 m2,其它種類重要值少于0.60。
      Note: the plot area is 176 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 0.60.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S24  血桐群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S24.   The community characteristics analysis of Macaranga tanarius (tree layer)

    種群
    Population
    株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    血桐 Macaranga tanarius309980.801.0049.1846.4729.7341.79
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata71089.240.6411.485.0718.9211.82
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus8690.920.4513.113.2213.519.95
    對葉榕 Ficus hispida31609.750.274.927.508.116.84
    筆管榕 Ficus subpisocarpa12827.430.091.6413.172.705.84
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan2810.190.183.283.775.414.15
    翻白葉樹 Pterospermum heterophyllum3435.180.184.922.035.414.12
    陽桃 Averrhoa carambola11445.450.091.646.732.703.69
    刺葵 Phoenix loureiroi2869.040.093.284.052.703.34
    雅榕 Ficus concinna1962.110.091.644.482.702.94
    臺灣相思 Acacia confusa1502.730.091.642.342.702.23
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa1176.710.091.640.822.701.72
    八角楓 Alangium chinense176.820.091.640.362.701.57
      注:樣地面積1100 m2,其它種類重要值小于1.50。
      Note: the plot area is 1100 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 1.50.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S25  血桐群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S25.   The community characteristics analysis of Macaranga tanarius(shrub and grass layer)

    種群 Population蓋度
    Coverage
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    九節 Psychotria asiatica6.350.8013.80 11.76 12.78
    海芋 Alocasia odora6.400.7013.91 10.29 12.10
    微甘菊 Mikania micrantha5.200.3011.30 4.417.86
    蔓生莠竹 Microstegium fasciculatum4.100.408.915.887.40
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata4.500.309.784.417.10
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan1.800.603.918.826.37
    假柿木姜子 Litsea monopetala2.200.204.782.943.86
    黑風藤 Fissistigma polyanthum2.500.105.431.473.45
    綠花崖豆藤 Millettia championii2.500.105.431.473.45
    血桐 Macaranga tanarius1.400.203.042.942.99
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus0.700.301.524.412.97
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa0.500.301.094.412.75
    青江藤 Celastrus hindsii0.700.201.522.942.23
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica0.500.201.092.942.01
    土蜜樹 Bridelia tomentosa0.300.200.652.941.80
    羊角拗 Strophanthus divaricatus0.850.101.851.471.66
    刺果藤 Byttneria grandifolia0.700.101.521.471.50
    假鷹爪 Desmos chinensis0.700.101.521.471.50
    龍須藤 Bauhinia championii0.500.101.091.471.28
    山椒子 Uvaria grandiflora0.500.101.091.471.28
    對葉榕 Ficus hispida0.400.100.871.471.17
    火炭母 Polygonum chinense0.400.100.871.471.17
    雞爪簕 Oxyceros sinensis0.400.100.871.471.17
    大葉紫珠 Callicarpa macrophylla0.300.100.651.471.06
    翻白葉樹 Pterospermum heterophyllum0.300.100.651.471.06
    廣州山柑 Capparis cantoniensis0.300.100.651.471.06
    秋楓 Bischofia javanica0.200.100.431.470.95
    艷山姜 Alpinia zerumbet0.200.100.431.470.95
    半邊旗 Pteris semipinnata0.100.100.221.470.84
    楤木 Aralia elata0.100.100.221.470.84
    飛機草 Chromolaena odorata0.100.100.221.470.84
    假蒟 Piper sarmentosum0.100.100.221.470.84
    亮葉猴耳環 Archidendron lucidum0.100.100.221.470.84
    山麥冬 Liriope spicata0.100.100.221.470.84
      注:樣地面積160 m2,其它種類重要值少于0.80。
      Note: the plot area is 160 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 0.80.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S26  木麻黃群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S26.   The community characteristics analysis of Casuarina equisetifolia (tree layer)

    種群 Population株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    木麻黃 Casuarina equisetifolia2026809.701.0090.9189.4660.0080.12
    樸樹 Celtis sinensis13067.960.334.5510.2420.0011.59
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa191.610.334.550.3120.008.28
      注:樣地面積300 m2,其它種類重要值小于8.20。
      Note: the plot area is 300 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 8.20.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S27  木麻黃群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S27.   The community characteristics analysis of Casuarina equisetifolia(shrub and grass layer)

    種群 Population蓋度 Coverage頻度 Frequency相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    鋪地黍 Panicum repens11.331.0039.0827.2733.18
    鬼針草 Bidens pilosa13.330.3345.989.0927.53
    類蘆 Neyraudia reynaudiana1.330.334.609.096.84
    厚藤 Ipomoea pes-caprae1.000.333.459.096.27
    三裂葉蟛蜞菊 Sphagneticola trilobata0.670.332.309.095.69
    海濱木槿 Hibiscus hamabo0.330.331.159.095.12
    四棱草 Schnabelia oligophylla0.330.331.159.095.12
    兩面針 Zanthoxylum nitidum0.330.331.159.095.12
    細圓藤 Pericampylus glaucus0.330.331.159.095.12
      注:樣地面積48 m2,其它種類重要值少于5.10。
      Note: the plot area is 48 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 5.10.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S28  幌傘楓群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S28.   The community characteristics analysis of Heteropanax fragrans(tree layer)

    種群
    Population
    株數
    Individual number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對頻度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Relative
    frequency
    幌傘楓 Heteropanax fragrans127653.891.0063.1684.0850.0065.75
    假蘋婆 Sterculia lanceolata61134.770.5031.5812.4725.0023.02
    血桐 Macaranga tanarius1 314.160.50 5.26 3.4525.0011.24
      注:樣地面積200 m2,其它種類重要值小于11.20。
      Note: the plot area is 200 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 11.20.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S29  幌傘楓群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S29.   The community characteristics analysis of Heteropanax fragrans (shrub and grass layer)

    種群 Population蓋度 Coverage頻度 Frequency相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    海芋 Alocasia odora25.001.0034.2510.0022.12
    九節 Psychotria asiatica17.001.0023.2910.0016.64
    假柿木姜子 Litsea monopetala8.001.0010.9610.0010.48
    幌傘楓 Heteropanax fragrans3.501.004.7910.007.40
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica3.001.004.1110.007.05
    蔓生莠竹 Microstegium fasciculatum5.000.506.855.005.92
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan3.000.504.115.004.55
    球花腳骨脆 Casearia glomerata2.500.503.425.004.21
    血桐 Macaranga tanarius2.000.502.745.003.87
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla1.000.501.375.003.18
    山牽牛 Thunbergia grandiflora1.000.501.375.003.18
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus0.500.500.685.002.84
    白藤 Calamus tetradactylus0.500.500.685.002.84
    飛龍掌血 Toddalia asiatica0.500.500.685.002.84
    簕欓花椒 Zanthoxylum avicennae0.500.500.685.002.84
      注:樣地面積32 m2,其它種類重要值少于2.80。
      Note: the plot area is 32 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 2.80.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S30  椰子群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S30.   The community characteristics analysis of Cocos nucifera(tree layer)

    種群
    Population
    株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對頻度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    椰子 Cocos nucifera32953.731.0060.0085.0550.0065.02
    血桐 Macaranga tanarius2 519.341.0040.0014.9550.0034.98
      注:樣地面積200 m2,其它種類重要值小于34.00。
      Note: the plot area is 200 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 34.00.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S31  椰子群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S31.   The community characteristics analysis of Cocos nucifera(shrub and grass layer)

    種群 Population蓋度 Coverage頻度 Frequency相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    海芋 Alocasia odora30.001.0088.2450.0069.12
    假蘋婆 Sterculia lanceolata 4.001.0011.7650.0030.88
      注:樣地面積16 m2,其它種類重要值少于30.80。
      Note: the plot area is 16 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 30.80
    下載: 導出CSV

    S32  海濱木槿群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S32.   The community characteristics analysis of Hibiscus hamabo(tree layer)

    種群
    Population
    株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    海濱木槿 Hibiscus hamabo71047.801.0077.7872.8950.0066.89
    樸樹 Celtis sinensis1201.060.511.1113.9925.0016.70
    木麻黃 Casuarina equisetifolia1188.690.511.1113.1325.0016.41
      注:樣地面積400 m2,其它種類重要值小于16.40。
      Note: the plot area is 400 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 16.40.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S33  海濱木槿群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S33.   The community characteristics analysis of Hibiscus hamabo(shrub and grass layer)

    種群 Population蓋度 Coverage頻度 Frequency相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    海濱木槿 Hibiscus hamabo16.001.0076.1966.6771.43
    竹葉草 Oplismenus compositus 5.000.5023.8133.3328.57
      注:樣地面積32 m2,其它種類重要值少于28.50。
      Note: the plot area is 32 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 28.50.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S34  荔枝群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S34.   The community characteristics analysis of Litchi chinensis(tree layer)

    種群
    Population
    株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    荔枝 Litchi chinensis1414043.871.0087.5098.6366.6784.27
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus1143.140.256.251.0116.677.97
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan151.530.256.250.3616.677.76
      注:樣地面積500 m2,其它種類重要值小于7.70。
      Note: the plot area is 500 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 7.70.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S35  荔枝群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S35.   The community characteristics analysis of Litchi chinensis(shrub and grass layer)

    種群 Population蓋度 Coverage頻度 Frequency相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    海芋 Alocasia odora19.75 0.7540.5112.5026.51
    銀柴 Aporosa dioica8.500.7517.4412.5014.97
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan7.500.7515.3812.5013.94
    九節 Psychotria asiatica3.000.756.1512.509.33
    假鷹爪 Desmos chinensis2.000.754.1012.508.30
    鵝掌柴 Schefflera heptaphylla1.250.502.568.335.45
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata2.500.255.134.174.65
    半邊旗 Pteris semipinnata1.250.252.564.173.37
    荔枝 Litchi chinensis1.000.252.054.173.11
    山麥冬 Liriope spicata1.000.252.054.173.11
    黑面神 Breynia fruticosa0.500.251.034.172.60
    白桂木 Artocarpus hypargyreus0.250.250.514.172.34
    海金沙 Lygodium japonicum0.250.250.514.172.34
      注:樣地面積64 m2,其它種類重要值少于2.30。
      Note: the plot area is 64 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 2.30.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S36  龍眼群落特征分析(喬木層)

    S36.   The community characteristics analysis of Dimocarpus longan(tree layer)

    種群
    Population
    株數
    Individual
    number
    顯著度
    Dominance
    頻度
    Frequency
    相對密度
    Relative
    density
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    dominance
    相對顯著度
    Relative
    frequency
    重要值
    Important
    value
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata526776.830.8867.5328.6028.0041.38
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan1212674.591.0015.5853.4932.0033.69
    復羽葉欒樹 Koelreuteria bipinnata51489.180.386.496.2812.008.26
    臺灣相思 Acacia confusa21418.630.252.605.998.005.53
    刺葵 Phoenix loureiroi1730.620.131.303.084.002.79
    血桐 Macaranga tanarius2142.020.132.600.604.002.40
    假柿木姜子 Litsea monopetala1240.530.131.301.024.002.10
    白楸 Mallotus paniculatus1158.370.131.300.674.001.99
    柑橘 Citrus reticulata163.620.131.300.274.001.86
      注:樣地面積800 m2,其它種類重要值小于1.80。
      Note: the plot area is 800 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 1.80.
    下載: 導出CSV

    S37  龍眼群落特征分析(灌草層)

    S37.   The community characteristics analysis of Dimocarpus longan(shrub and grass layer)

    種群 Population蓋度 Coverage頻度 Frequency相對蓋度
    Relative coverage
    相對顯著度
    Relative frequency
    重要值
    Important value
    龍眼 Dimocarpus longan12.57 1.0035.20 23.33 29.27
    假蒟 Piper sarmentosum5.710.1416.00 3.339.67
    山椒子 Uvaria grandiflora3.140.298.806.677.73
    海芋 Alocasia odora2.710.297.606.677.13
    假鷹爪 Desmos chinensis2.430.296.806.676.73
    酒餅簕 Atalantia buxifolia2.430.296.806.676.73
    雞爪簕 Oxyceros sinensis1.860.295.206.675.93
    破布葉 Microcos paniculata1.430.294.006.675.33
    九節 Psychotria asiatica0.710.142.003.332.67
    紫玉盤 Uvaria macrophylla0.710.142.003.332.67
    芒萁 Dicranopteris pedata0.570.141.603.332.47
    潺槁木姜子 Litsea glutinosa0.290.140.803.332.07
    翻白葉樹 Pterospermum heterophyllum0.290.140.803.332.07
    蔓生莠竹 Microstegium fasciculatum0.290.140.803.332.07
    狗骨柴 Diplospora dubia0.140.140.403.331.87
    黑面神 Breynia fruticosa0.140.140.403.331.87
    青江藤 Celastrus hindsii0.140.140.403.331.87
    羊角拗 Strophanthus divaricatus0.140.140.403.331.87
      注:樣地面積112 m2,其它種類重要值少于1.80。
      Note: the plot area is 112 m2, and the important value of other population were all less than 1.80.
    下載: 導出CSV

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-12
  • 錄用日期:  2021-09-07
  • 網絡出版日期:  2021-09-28
  • 刊出日期:  2021-10-30

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